- A total of 11,552 migrants and refugees arrived in Europe through different land and sea routes in the first two months of 2019, the lowest number reported since 2015 when some 12,258 sea and land arrivals were reported . Arrivals as of February 2019 decreased by 9 per cent when compared to the 12,726 registered in the same period of 2018, 43 per cent lower than the 20,200 registered in 2017 and 91 per cent lower than the 136,355 registered in the same period of 2016.
- Fifty-two per cent of all arrivals were registered in Spain, indicating that the Western Mediterranean route was the main route taken by the migrants and refugees arriving to Europe between January and February 2019. Another 45 per cent of individuals have arrived in Europe through the Eastern Mediterranean route (Cyprus, Bulgaria, Greece) and the remaining 3 per cent were rescued and brought to Italy and Malta in their attempt to cross the Central Mediterranean route . It is for the first time since 2017 that a route different than the Central Mediterranean was the most active route in the first two months of the year . For example, last year, some 40 per cent of migrants and refugees registered in between January and February arrived in Europe through the Central Mediterranean route, and the remaining 59 per cent was almost equally distributed between Western (29%) and Eastern (30%) Mediterranean route.
Read the full report here.
For more information about recent trends in the Mediterranean and migrants presence in the Western Balkans, check our interactive data portal – Migration Flows to Europe.